Washington, D.C. 

Population: 693,972

Washington, D.C. is a rapidly growing city of nearly 700,000 residents. The District is committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050, with an interim target of a 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2032. For the city to meet its 2032 interim emissions target, city staff estimate that 20% of buildings must complete a deep energy retrofit that includes high-efficiency electrification.


Washington, D.C. is partnering with the D.C. Sustainable Energy Utility to develop new incentive programs to target the more than 9,000 residential buildings that the District has identified as good candidates for conversion to high-efficiency electric heat pumps. These buildings use oil, propane, or baseboard electric heating systems, which are expensive to operate and produce higher emissions than efficient electric alternatives. The identified buildings also lack central air conditioning—a critical need for residents as the city experiences increasingly hot and humid summers as a result of climate change. The newly developed programs will help these buildings transition to high-efficiency electric heat pumps to provide both heating and cooling, which has the potential to reduce resident heating and cooling costs, improve the city’s air quality, and guarantee cooling to customers who need it most.